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Mobile Node Identifier Option for Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6).
A. Patel, K. Leung, M. Khalil, H. Akhtar, K. Chowdhury. November 2005.

 
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Network Working Group A. Patel Request for Comments: 4283 K. Leung Category: Standards Track Cisco Systems M. Khalil H. Akhtar Nortel Networks K. Chowdhury Starent Networks November 2005 Mobile Node Identifier Option for Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) Status of This Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005). Abstract Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) defines a new Mobility header that is used by mobile nodes, correspondent nodes, and home agents in all messaging related to the creation and management of bindings. Mobile IPv6 nodes need the capability to identify themselves using an identity other than the default home IP address. Some examples of identifiers include Network Access Identifier (NAI), Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN), International Mobile Station Identifier (IMSI), and Mobile Subscriber Number (MSISDN). This document defines a new mobility option that can be used by Mobile IPv6 entities to identify themselves in messages containing a mobility header. Patel, et al. Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 4283 Mobile Node Identifier Option for MIPv6 November 2005 Table of Contents 1. Introduction ....................................................2 2. Terminology .....................................................3 3. Mobile Node Identifier Option ...................................3 3.1. MN-NAI Mobility Option .....................................4 3.2. Processing Considerations ..................................4 4. Security Considerations .........................................4 4.1. General Considerations .....................................4 4.2. MN-NAI Considerations ......................................4 5. IANA Considerations .............................................5 6. Acknowledgements ................................................5 7. Normative References ............................................5 8. Informative Reference ...........................................6 1. Introduction The base specification of Mobile IPv6 [RFC3775] identifies mobility entities using an IPv6 address. It is essential to have a mechanism wherein mobility entities can be identified using other identifiers (for example, a Network Access Identifier (NAI) [RFC4282], International Mobile Station Identifier (IMSI), or an application/ deployment specific opaque identifier). The capability to identify a mobility entity via identifiers other than the IPv6 address can be leveraged for performing various functions, for example, o authentication and authorization using an existing AAA (Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting) infrastructure or via an HLR/AuC (Home Location Register/Authentication Center) o dynamic allocation of a mobility anchor point o dynamic allocation of a home address This document defines an option with a subtype number that denotes a specific type of identifier. One instance of subtype, the NAI, is defined in Section 3.1. It is anticipated that other identifiers will be defined for use in the mobility header in the future. This option SHOULD be used when Internet Key Exchange (IKE)/IPsec is not used for protecting binding updates or binding acknowledgements as specified in [RFC3775]. It is typically used with the authentication option [RFC4285]. But this option may be used independently. For example, the identifier can provide accounting and billing services. Patel, et al. Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 4283 Mobile Node Identifier Option for MIPv6 November 2005 2. Terminology The keywords "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. 3. Mobile Node Identifier Option The Mobile Node Identifier option is a new optional data field that is carried in the Mobile IPv6-defined messages that includes the Mobility header. Various forms of identifiers can be used to identify a Mobile Node (MN). Two examples are a Network Access Identifier (NAI) [RFC4282] and an opaque identifier applicable to a particular application. The Subtype field in the option defines the specific type of identifier. This option can be used in mobility messages containing a mobility header. The subtype field in the option is used to interpret the specific type of identifier. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Option Type | Option Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Subtype | Identifier ... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Option Type: MN-ID-OPTION-TYPE has been assigned value 8 by the IANA. It is an 8-bit identifier of the type mobility option. Option Length: 8-bit unsigned integer, representing the length in octets of the Subtype and Identifier fields. Subtype: Subtype field defines the specific type of identifier included in the Identifier field. Identifier: A variable length identifier of type, as specified by the Subtype field of this option. Patel, et al. Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 4283 Mobile Node Identifier Option for MIPv6 November 2005 This option does not have any alignment requirements. 3.1. MN-NAI Mobility Option The MN-NAI mobility option uses the general format of the Mobile Node Identifier option as defined in Section 3. This option uses the subtype value of 1. The MN-NAI mobility option is used to identify the mobile node. The MN-NAI mobility option uses an identifier of the form user@realm [RFC4282]. This option MUST be implemented by the entities implementing this specification. 3.2. Processing Considerations The location of the MN Identifier option is as follows: When present, this option MUST appear before any authentication-related option in a message containing a Mobility header. 4. Security Considerations 4.1. General Considerations Mobile IPv6 already contains one mechanism for identifying mobile nodes, the Home Address option [RFC3775]. As a result, the vulnerabilities of the new option defined in this document are similar to those that already exist for Mobile IPv6. In particular, the use of a permanent, stable identifier may compromise the privacy of the user, making it possible to track a particular device or user as it moves through different locations. 4.2. MN-NAI Considerations Since the Mobile Node Identifier option described in Section 3 reveals the home affiliation of a user, it may assist an attacker in determining the identity of the user, help the attacker in targeting specific victims, or assist in further probing of the username space. These vulnerabilities can be addressed through various mechanisms, such as those discussed below: o Encrypting traffic at the link layer, such that other users on the same link do not see the identifiers. This mechanism does not help against attackers on the rest of the path between the mobile node and its home agent. o Encrypting the whole packet, such as when using IPsec to protect the communications with the home agent [RFC3776]. Patel, et al. Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 4283 Mobile Node Identifier Option for MIPv6 November 2005 o Using an authentication mechanism that enables the use of privacy NAIs [RFC4282] or temporary, changing "pseudonyms" as identifiers. In any case, it should be noted that as the identifier option is only needed on the first registration at the home agent and subsequent registrations can use the home address, the window of privacy vulnerability in this document is reduced as compared to [RFC3775]. In addition, this document is a part of a solution to allow dynamic home addresses to be used. This is an improvement to privacy as well, and it affects both communications with the home agent and the correspondent nodes, both of which have to be told the home address. 5. IANA Considerations The values for new mobility options must be assigned from the Mobile IPv6 [RFC3775] numbering space. The IANA has assigned the value 8 for the MN-ID-OPTION-TYPE. In addition, IANA has created a new namespace for the subtype field of the Mobile Node Identifier option. The currently allocated values are as follows: NAI (defined in [RFC4282]). New values for this namespace can be allocated using Standards Action [RFC2434]. 6. Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Basavaraj Patil for his review and suggestions on this document. Thanks to Jari Arkko for review and suggestions regarding security considerations and various other aspects of the document. 7. Normative References [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC2434] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 2434, October 1998. [RFC3775] Johnson, D., Perkins, C., and J. Arkko, "Mobility Support in IPv6", RFC 3775, June 2004. Patel, et al. Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 4283 Mobile Node Identifier Option for MIPv6 November 2005 [RFC3776] Arkko, J., Devarapalli, V., and F. Dupont, "Using IPsec to Protect Mobile IPv6 Signaling Between Mobile Nodes and Home Agents", RFC 3776, June 2004. [RFC4282] Aboba, B., Beadles, M., Arkko, J., and P. Eronen, "The Network Access Identifier", RFC 4282, November 2005. 8. Informative Reference [RFC4285] Patel, A., Leung, K., Khalil, M., Akhtar, H., and K. Chowdhury, "Authentication Protocol for Mobile IPv6", RFC 4285, November 2005. Authors' Addresses Alpesh Patel Cisco Systems 170 W. Tasman Drive San Jose, CA 95134 US Phone: +1 408-853-9580 EMail: alpesh@cisco.com Kent Leung Cisco Systems 170 W. Tasman Drive San Jose, CA 95134 US Phone: +1 408-526-5030 EMail: kleung@cisco.com Mohamed Khalil Nortel Networks 2221 Lakeside Blvd. Richardson, TX 75082 US Phone: +1 972-685-0574 EMail: mkhalil@nortel.com Patel, et al. Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 4283 Mobile Node Identifier Option for MIPv6 November 2005 Haseeb Akhtar Nortel Networks 2221 Lakeside Blvd. Richardson, TX 75082 US Phone: +1 972-684-4732 EMail: haseebak@nortel.com Kuntal Chowdhury Starent Networks 30 International Place Tewksbury, MA 01876 US Phone: +1 214 550 1416 EMail: kchowdhury@starentnetworks.com Patel, et al. Standards Track [Page 7]
RFC 4283 Mobile Node Identifier Option for MIPv6 November 2005 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005). This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights. This document and the information contained herein are provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has made any independent effort to identify any such rights. Information on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be found in BCP 78 and BCP 79. Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at http://www.ietf.org/ipr. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement this standard. Please address the information to the IETF at ietf- ipr@ietf.org. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Patel, et al. Standards Track [Page 8]

   

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